Arthritis Pain

Understanding Arthritis Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Management

I. What is Arthritis?

II. Causes of Arthritis Pain:

  • Age-related wear and tear on joints
  • Joint injuries or trauma
  • Obesity and excess weight
  • Genetic factors
  • Autoimmune disorder
  • Inflammation of the synovium (lining of the joints)
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Associated with psoriasis, a skin condition
  • Autoimmune response
  • Genetic factors

III. Symptoms of Arthritis Pain:

  • Dull, aching pain
  • Intermittent or constant
  • Worsens with movement or prolonged activity
  • Morning stiffness that improves with movement
  • Stiffness after periods of inactivity
  • Appearance of swollen joints
  • Redness and warmth around affected joints
  • Difficulty in moving joints fully
  • Decreased flexibility

IV. Management Strategies for Arthritis Pain:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain and inflammation relief
  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) for autoimmune arthritis
  • Corticosteroids for short-term pain relief
  • Strengthening exercises to support joints and improve function
  • Low-impact activities such as swimming and cycling
  • Range-of-motion exercises to maintain flexibility
  • Maintaining a healthy weight reduces stress on joints
  • Balanced diet and regular exercise to achieve weight goals
  • Use of orthotic supports, braces, or splints to relieve pressure on joints
  • Canes or walkers to aid mobility and reduce joint strain
  • Application of heat (e.g., warm towels, heating pads) to relax muscles and reduce stiffness
  • Cold therapy (e.g., ice packs) to numb painful joints and reduce inflammation
  • Acupuncture to alleviate pain and promote relaxation
  • Massage therapy to reduce muscle tension and improve circulation
  • Yoga and tai chi for gentle stretching and stress reduction

V. Seeking Medical Advice:

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